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Data bank of environmental chemicals     |     The Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)
 


22.9.2019

Data bank of environmental properties of chemicals


Chemical
Fluorene
CAS-number :
86-73-7
 
Synonyms :
2,2'-methylenebiphenyl
Fluoreeni
o-biphenylenemethane
 
Sumformula of the chemical :
C13H10
EINECS-number :
2016955
 
Water solubility, mg/l :
100  < 100, MITI 1992
 
Melting point, °C :
112  112-115, MITI 1992
 
Boiling point, °C :
298  MITI 1992
 
Log octanol/water coefficient, log Pow :
4.18  observed, Chin et al. 1986
4.38  Mackay 1982
4.18  Sangster 1989
 
Photochemical degradation in air :
Photooxidation half-life in air:
2.8d - 6.81hr, scientific judgement based upon estimated rate 
constant for reaction with hydroxyl radical in air 
(Howard 1991).
 
Half-life in air, days :
2.8  2.8d - 6.81hr,
0.28  scientific judgement based upon estimated photooxidation halflife in air.
  Howard 1991
 
Half-life in soil, days :
60  60d - 32d,
32  based upon aerobic soil die-away test data.
  Howard 1991
 
Half-life in water, days :
60  60d - 32d,
32  in surface water: based upon aerobic soil die-away test data.
120  120d - 64d,
64  in ground water: scientific judgement based upon estimated unacclimated aqueous aerobic biodegradation half-life.
  Howard 1991
 
Aerobic degradation in water :
Aerobic half-life:
60d - 32d, based upon aerobic soil die-away test data 
(Howard 1991).
 
Anaerobic degradation in water :
Anaerobic half-life:
240d - 128d, scientific judgement based upon estimated 
unacclimated aqueous aerobic biodegradation half-life 
(Howard 1991).
 
Total degradation in water :
Biodegradation:
0% by BOD
period: 28d
substance: 100 mg/l
sludge: 30 mg/l
(MITI 1992)
 
Bioconcentration factor, fishes :
396  396 - 821, 8w, Cyprinus carpio, conc 0.02 mg/l,
821 
219  219 - 830, 8w, Cyprinus carpio, conc 0.002 mg/l,
830  MITI 1992
 
LD50 values to birds in oral exposure, mg/kg :
101  >101, orl-Agelaius phoeniceus
  Schafer et al. 1983
 
EC50 values to algae, mg/l :
15.5  rpd, act, Dunaliella bioculata
  Heldal et al. 1984
 
LC50 values to fishes, mg/l :
5.15  48hr, Oryzias latipes, MITI 1992

References
2282Chin, Y., Weber, W.J. & Voice, T.C. 1986. Determination of partition coefficients and aqueous solubilities by reverse phase chromatography - II: Evaluation of partitioning and solubility models. Wat Res. 20 (11): 1443 - 1450.
566Heldal, M., Norland, S., Lien, T., Knutsen, G., Tjessem, K. & Aarberg, A. 1984. Toxic responses of the green alga Dunaliella bioculata (Chlorophyta, Volvocales) to selected oxidized hydrocarbons. Environ. Pollut. Ser A 35(2): 119 - 132.
3120Howard, P.H., Boethling, R.S., Jarvis, W.F., Meylan, W.M. & Michalenko, E.M., Handbook of Environmental Degradation Rates, 1991. Lewis Publicers, Inc., Chelsea, Michigan, U.S.A., pp. 725.
2777Mackay, D. 1982. Correlation of bioconcentration factors. Environ. Sci. Technol., 16(5): 274 - 278.
3105MITI 1992. Biodegradation and bioaccumulation data of existing chemicals based on the CSCL Japan. Compild under the Safety Division Basic Industries Bureau Ministry of International Trade & Industry, Japan. Edited by Chemicals Inspection & Testing Institute, Japan.
1198Rossi, S.S. & Neff, J.M. 1978. Toxicity of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons to the polychaete Neanthes arenaceodentata. Marine Poll. Bull. 9: 220 - 223.
3104Sangster, J. 1989. Octanol-water partition coefficients of simple organic compounds. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Vol 18, No. 3: 1111 - 1229.
1743Schafer , E.W.Jr., Bowles, W.A.Jr., Hurlbut, J. 1983. The acute oral toxicity, repellency and hazard potential of 993 chemicals to one or more species of wild and domestic birds. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 12: 355 - 382.

 
 
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